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Download The Regulation of Motor Vehicle and Traffic Safety by Glenn C. Blomquist (auth.) PDF

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By Glenn C. Blomquist (auth.)

Decisions two decades in the past throughout the fIrst iteration of contemporary site visitors defense policymaking have been more uncomplicated than this present day. Afterall, the mandate for particular necessary motorized vehicle security criteria was once dermed really essentially in the course of legislative hearings. because the preliminary criteria, judgements were according to the extra normal guidance of "practicality" and heading off "unreasonable hazards. " Now, with more challenging judgements pending, the call for for research is larger. My function in scripting this publication is to advertise moment new release policymaking in site visitors defense. The dominant subject is that an "individual web profit procedure" turns out to be useful within the layout, overview and development of site visitors protection coverage. expectantly, this publication offers a few assistance for modern day harder judgements. Evaluative evaluation of contemporary site visitors safeguard coverage, in particular car safeguard criteria, yields a number of effects. The technological process, the root for the 1966 laws, is proven to provide errors. advantages are overvalued and endangerment of nonoccupants is neglected. the danger homeostatic technique, the devil's proposal to a couple within the security group, is proven to be a proscribing case of the extra normal person web gain process. Rationality and competency in tourists' defense judgements are reviewed in a vast context. facts past the world of behavioral ix x The legislation of motorized vehicle and site visitors security psychology exhibits substantial, albeit imperfect, competency in site visitors safeguard judgements. traditional benefit-cost research is critiqued. latest stories of passive restraints are proven to overestimate internet advantages simply because tourists' responses and prices are ignored.

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Extra info for The Regulation of Motor Vehicle and Traffic Safety

Sample text

The remainder of this book will examine the traffic safety policy of the last twenty years, evaluating especially the contribution of federal standards for vehicle crashworthiness - the new approach which regulates the design and construction of automobiles. 1/ The Motor Vehicle and Traffic Safety Mandate 23 NOTES 1 U. S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Government Operations. Federal Role in Traffic Safety. Hearings before a subcommittee on Executive Reorganization. 89th Congress, 1st Session, 1%5, Part 1, p.

Baker and Stephen P. Teret "Freedom and Protection: A Balancing of Interests" American Journal of Public Health 71 (March 1981): 295-297. A rationale for a government traffic safety policy which is distinct from incentives, information, incompetency and paternalism is the idea that a transfer of wealth (in the form of more crashworthy vehicles) can be from auto manufacturers to consumers. In the 1%5 traffic safety hearing Senator Ribicoff reasoned that since Detroit makes a lot of money it should use profits for safety and Senator Robert Kennedy chastised the executives of General Motors for 48 The Regulation of Motor Vehicle and Traffic Safety making $1,700 million in profit and only spending a bit over $1 million on safety (U.

Since 1966 more than 88 million vehicles have been recalled. Most recalls have been initiated by manufacturers without formal NHTSA involvement. Letters and phone calls from car owners are the primary source of information for defect investigations. 25 As with highway safety programs activity has increased in the recall program in recent years. PERSPECTIVES After over 14 years of almost steady decline in the traffic fatality rate (fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles) the fatality rate rose over 9 percent from 1961 to 1964.

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