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By Chester G. Hearn
On April 24, 1862, Federal gunboats made their well past accomplice forts to ascend the Mississippi River, and the Union army captured New Orleans. information of the lack of the Crescent urban got here to Jefferson Davis as an absolute surprise. during this exhaustive examine, Chester G. Hearn examines the selections, activities, contributors, and occasions to provide an explanation for why. He directs his inquiry to the guts of presidency, either Union and accomplice, and takes a troublesome examine the choice of army and naval leaders, using average and fiscal assets, and the performances of all team of workers concerned. His bright, fast paced narrative presents attention-grabbing examining, in addition to penetrating perception into this important crusade.
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On Friday, April 12, Fox arrived at his rendezvous off Charleston harbor and waited for daylight. At 4:30, Beauregard opened his bombardment upon Fort Sumter from all sides. Fox watched in dismay from his position ten miles off the harbor as shells arced across the still-dark western skies and plummeted toward the fort. At six o'clock, Fox went aboard 4. "The Interdiction of Commerce and the Insurgent States," in Gideon Welles Papers, Library of Congress; Welles to Lincoln, August 5, 1861, in Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress; Stuart L.
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During his ten years in Washington he served on the Committee of Naval Affairs and in 1853 became its powerful chairman, pushing relentlessly for a larger and stronger navy. He carefully prepared his speeches, which demonstrated impressive knowledge, but he was not a gifted orator and his words lacked the luster needed to win enthusiastic support. In 1855, rather than building the navy, he created the Naval Retiring Board, which placed a large number of senior naval officers on half pay and put them on a dreaded reserve list.