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Download Nikolay Novikov: Enlightener of Russia by W. Gareth Jones PDF

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By W. Gareth Jones

Nikolay Novikov (1744-1818) was once a key determine in Russian cultural existence below Catherine the nice. He used to be in flip a winning journalist, historiographer, educator, writer, top freemason and philanthropist and he left his certain mark on each one of those spheres at a formative second in Russia. This publication is a Western learn of Novikov's entire profession and it indicates how he spoke back to Catherine's enlightened despotism in cultural issues and why their methods finally parted. Novikov is seen right here not just as a founder of the Russian intelligentsia, yet as a consultant of the final eu Enlightenment, who found and inspired a brand new new release of writers. a data of Novikov and the type of enlightenment he strove to unfold in Russia is critical for an figuring out of the actual solid of brain glaring in Russian notion and writings within the 19th century. The publication will as a result be of curiosity to a variety of students and scholars of Russian literature and highbrow heritage.

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Mere repetition of direct portraits was avoided. Novikov again showed his awareness of his readership's needs and his own talent for imaginative organisation by continuously attempting to retain interest before it flagged with a series of variations on the theme of portraiture. A doctor's prescriptions - a mode used in Sumarokov's Busy Bee was an immediate variation: a man's diagnostic portrait was followed by a cure. 7 Thus Nedoum (Lackmind) suffered from the fever of stressing his breeding and had to be inoculated with reason and philanthropy.

It was indicative of the way that Novikov in his journal followed his precursor in making a direct appeal to women readers. It had been this aim, possibly, which had prompted him to choose a young lady (called Uzhest' kak mila - My, how gorgeous! - in the fashionable slang of the day) as his 'correspondent' to introduce the original 'Portraits': and in January 1770 her portraits returned to the pages of the Drone. Once more there was a variation; this time the Drone was asked to add a caption to her sketches and this he did.

As an illustration of the acting out of social ideas, let us take the The Drone ( 1769-70) 45 social question which has attracted most attention from comĀ­ mentators on the Drone - that of serfdom. There is no denying the journal's central concern with the position of the Russian peasantry. Yet the problem was never presented as an abstract one of social theory, amenable to a solution by any form of social engineering. Serfs were made to appear by Novikov as part of a drama which would point a moral, but did not pretend to present a programme of amelioration.

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