Download Leo Tolstoy: Resident and Stranger by Richard F. Gustafson PDF
By Richard F. Gustafson
Much of what was once critical to Tolstoy turns out embarrassing to Western and Soviet critics, issues out Richard Gustafson in his soaking up argument for the predominance of Tolstoy's spiritual perspective in all his writings. bought opinion says that there are Tolstoys, the pre-conversion artist and the post-conversion spiritual philosopher and prophet, yet Professor Gustafson argues convincingly that the fellow isn't really , yet one.
Originally released in 1986.
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Extra resources for Leo Tolstoy: Resident and Stranger
I cannot understand it" (46,169; 1853). In his moments of youthful insecurity, as later in his crises of confidence and faith, therefore, Tolstoy felt both unlovable and unloving. "I feel that I cannot be pleasing to anyone and that everyone is hard for me to bear" (46,149; 1852). This failure to be loved and to love feeds on itself. Early on, Tolstoy claimed that "for me the main sign of love is the fear of giving offense to or of not being liked by the beloved, really a fear" (64,237-38; 1852).
T O L S T O Y ' S CRISES Resident and Stranger · 13 Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy was an orphan. His mother died before he was two, his father before he was nine. Along with his brothers and sister, he was brought up by the women of the family, his grandmother and two aunts, and they gave him the attention and affection they could, but the sense of a family residence was lost. Tolstoy was so affected by his orphanhood and the consequent deprivation of parental love and sense of lost homestead and family that even at age 23 he fantasied his future marriage as a return to the idyllic childhood he never knew.
With his view of the universal spirit guiding us all, resolving our contradictions in an infinite harmony, grasped only by the Divine, Nekhlyudov in the end finds a world large enough for him to belong in it. The fundamental action of Lucerne is a mission of love, but it is a mission misunderstood because Nekhlyudov is barred from love by his alienating anger. He projects his estrangement onto others and takes on as his cause the demonstration to these others of his own great love. When this fails in deed, he turns to the word and creates a critique of human civilization which sees self-love as the glue of the Resident and Stranger - 26 commonwealth and postulates an inherent urge to human relatedness in all, available to each in the depths of his consciousness.