Download Geologic analysis of naturally fractured reservoirs by Ronald A. Nelson PDF
By Ronald A. Nelson
Geologists, engineers, and petrophysicists interested in hydrocarbon creation from evidently fractured reservoirs will locate this booklet a priceless software for acquiring pertinent rock facts to guage reserves and optimize good situation and function. Nelson emphasizes geological, petrophysical, and rock mechanics to counterpoint different reviews of the topic that use good logging and classical engineering approaches.This good equipped, up-to-date variation features a wealth of box and laboratory information, case histories, and functional recommendation. an exceptional how-to-guide for an individual operating with fractured or hugely anisotropic reservoirsProvides real-life illustrations via case histories and box and laboratory information
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Extra resources for Geologic analysis of naturally fractured reservoirs
As such, true thermal fracturing at depth in the subsurface is probably rare relative to fracture patterns of other origin. In most cases, the effects of temperature are evidenced by an alteration of the mechanical properties and rheologic behavior of rocks rather than by true thermally induced fracturing. True thermal fracturing may be of use in hard-rock mining and wellbore fracturing, but is considered of minimal importance in petroleum production in all but igneous rocks, such as oil production from the tertiary basalt flows at West Rozel Field, Salt Lake, Utah.
Unloading fractures are often found in quarrying operations. As rock material is removed from the quarry, rock bursts are common. This is due to the release of load or constraint in one direction. The rock relaxes and spalls, or fractures, on a plane parallel to the newly developed free surface. These fractures are often irregular in shape and follow topography in many eroded areas. Such fractures are often called sheeting in erosional terrains 01CH01pp001-100 32 5/9/01 1:41 PM Page 32 Geologic Analysis of Naturally Fractured Reservoirs (Price, 1966).
Freezethaw cycles, small-scale collapse and subsidence, mineral alteration, and diagenesis) and mass-wasting. A weathering fracture should not be confused with the control of weathering or erosion by pre-existing fractures and residual stresses in outcrop. In these cases, fractures preferentially erode, causing the parallelism between free surfaces and fracture planes. Weathering fractures are probably of minimal importance to direct hydrocarbon production except possibly for such production as from the Precambrian granite wash in Kansas and the buried granite hills in China, and various solutionenlarged weathering fractures associated with karsting in carbonates.