Download Deconcentration and Decentralization Reforms in Cambodia: by Tariq H. Niazi PDF
By Tariq H. Niazi
This research analyzes strategic and programming concerns bobbing up from the rising deconcentration and decentralization reforms in Cambodia and informs the talk at the speed and strategic path of those reforms. The examine appears on the evolving felony and regulatory framework pointing to the gaps and inconsistencies that must be addressed for a coherent framework through the years. The research elaborates at the huge forged of complicated, and occasionally competing, associations and the demanding situations of developing an equitable and obvious intergovernmental financing method. comparing the strengths and weaknesses of the government's 10-year nationwide application, the learn indicates a few serious steps for winning implementation of the reforms, together with the necessity to advance a transparent reform coverage framework, receive higher coordination between govt organizations and among the govt and improvement companions, make clear uncertainties within the task of capabilities among stages of presidency, layout a strong procedure on intergovernmental financing, and boost capacities to enforce the reforms. The learn additionally indicates a few very important issues for ADB programming, together with the right way to top aid the deconcentration and decentralization reforms on the significant, subnational, and quarter degrees.
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Extra resources for Deconcentration and Decentralization Reforms in Cambodia: Recommendations for an Institutional Framework
7 Subnational Administration Apart from the communes and sangkats which underwent the move to elected councils from 2002, other levels of subnational administration are moving to new structures provided for in the Organic Law, particularly following council elections in May 2009. ) Field visits confirmed that work is under way in subnational administrations to implement the structures outlined in the new Organic Law. However, as the reassignment of functions and funding has not made much progress, it is unclear whether the reforms will be implemented or how they will perform.
Iv) GIZ and UNICEF have done considerable conceptual and sector-based work on functional assignments, though the National Program has not finalized a coherent nationwide framework acceptable to the government. ADB’s work in the NCDD could support a national framework for functional assignments and outline implementation plans in a few ministries of most interest to ADB’s sector program. Close coordination with GIZ and UNICEF on functional assignments will be needed. 1). Although this is only a draft, most of the principles appear achievable for ADB standard modalities, 11 This is currently planned to go down to provincial levels, but current plans do not extend to district levels.
Other members are at levels of minister and state secretary. The minister of agriculture, forestry, and fisheries and minister of rural development are members, but the minister for water resources and meteorology is not. The chair of the NCDD Secretariat (which supports the NCDD) is also a member of the NCDD. 8 According to the National Program, the majority of these regionally based MOI employees will be permanently transferred to subnational administrations. 22 Deconcentration and Decentralization Reforms in Cambodia The broad mission and tasks given by the royal decree to the NCDD are to (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) design a national program; develop work plans to implement the national program; determine functions for transfer to subnational administrations; integrate plans and budgets of ministries at subnational administration levels into budgets of subnational administrations; (v) amend inconsistent laws; (vi) coordinate new subnational administration finance laws with the MEF; (vii) develop policies for deployment of civil servants to subnational administrations; (viii) revise civil service laws; (ix) monitor ministries and agencies to ensure consistency with deconcentration and decentralization policies; (x) review revisions to subnational administration boundaries; (xi) develop policies for urban municipalities; (xii) support subnational administration capacity building; (xiii) mobilize and harmonize development partner support; (xiv) mobilize domestic and foreign resources; (xv) transfer rights, administration, etc.