Download Crime, Policing and Punishment in England, 1750–1914 by David Taylor PDF
By David Taylor
One of many fastest-growing and most fun components of old examine lately has been the learn of crime and the felony. The intrinsic fascination of the topic is greater by way of the truth that among the mid eighteenth century and early 20th century, the English legal justice approach used to be essentially reworked as a brand new disciplinary kingdom emerged. Drawing on contemporary examine, this ebook presents a finished and up to date synthesis of those very important adjustments.
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Additional resources for Crime, Policing and Punishment in England, 1750–1914
However, it is the Game Laws that have attracted the most attention. The old Game Laws were strengthened by legislation passed in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries and intended to preserve aristocratic privileges from the grasp of aspiring members of the bourgeoisie. By the early nineteenth century, poachers and gamekeepers were often organized into large gangs and a number of spectacular conflicts aroused fear and attention. Poaching offences rose dramatically. In Bedfordshire, they accounted for less than 4 per cent of prison commitments in the first decade of the nineteenth century, but by the 1840s the figure had risen to 36 per cent.
8 per 100 000. 3 in the prewar years. The pattern of decline is stepped rather than gradual. 2 per I 00 000 for the next two decades before dropping slightly again in the early twentieth century. Notwithstanding the problems of underrecording, notably in cases of domestic violence, these figures reflect genuine changes in behaviour. Arrest rates for murder were very high and there is no reason to believe 24 Crime, Policing and Punishment in England that the late Victorians were significantly more tolerant of, and therefore less willing to prosecute in, cases of serious assault involving shooting, stabbing and wounding to maim.
The shortcomings of the historical record are even more striking when one considers such crimes as embezzlement and fraud. 5 4 Nonetheless, very large sums were involved and the subsequent suffering could extend widely. The burden of the £1 million collapse of the Liberator Building Society in 1892 fell on the thousands of small investors in the company. Some 2600 The Pattern of Crime 45 individuals were reduced to 'total or semi-destitution'. Over half the victims were widows and spinsters, many over 60 years of age.