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Download Contesting the Iron Fist: Advocacy Networks and Police by Claudio A. Fuentes PDF

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By Claudio A. Fuentes

This paintings analyzes the interactions and foreign connections of the "civil rights" and "pro-order" coalitions of nation and societal actors within the nations. the writer demonstrates that during democratizing contexts, holding electorate from police abuse and turns into a part of a debate approximately the best way to care for problems with public protection and social keep an eye on and of perceived trade-offs among liberty and safety.

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Additional info for Contesting the Iron Fist: Advocacy Networks and Police Violence in Democratic Argentina and Chile (Latin American Studies-Social Sciences & Law)

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26 It is argued that institutions have a constraining effect on social interactions, limiting actors’ alternatives (March and Olsen 1984). 28 Police institutions continue using repressive strategies learned during the military regime to maintain public safety. In this gridlock situation, democratic authorities have no other choice than attempting to shift the balance of power through democratic means. But focusing only on inherited constraining rules has two problems. 29 Other authors have argued that specific features of police departments may explain police abusive behavior.

I argue that three contextual variables are relevant: the nature of the transition, access to the political system, and the structure of security forces. Second, it is necessary to examine social groups’ resource mobilization, including issues of leadership, social networks, and ability to obtain resources. Finally, it is important to clarify what is the nature of the policy issue at stake. This is particularly relevant because in the issue under scrutiny—the protection of citizens’ rights from police abuse—policy reforms directly affect those who have the monopoly of force in the country.

Norm internalization occurs when rules are socially accepted and individuals do not question existing principles. As individuals interact with others, they learn certain social norms that are beneficial for the maintenance of the group, creating a natural selfcontainment. e. Asian values (Keck and Sikkink 1998:118; see also Risse and Ropp 1999). 5 International agencies and other states may use economic and military sanctions to pressure other governments to behave in certain ways. Moreover, not respecting some rules may affect the state’s participation in other international regimes, which is in fact a powerful incentive to follow an internationally accepted pattern of behavior (Keohane 1984; Thomas 2002).

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