Download Competition and Regulation in Shipping and Shipping Related by Antonis Antapassis, Lia I. Athanassiou, Erik Rosaeg, PDF
By Antonis Antapassis, Lia I. Athanassiou, Erik Rosaeg, Athanassiou, Rosaeg
Maritime festival as an fiscal phenomenon is presently prompted by way of a couple of elements either at european and foreign point. From a legislative perspective, the new repeal of EC Reg. 4056/1986 impacts the remedy of horizontal agreements not just within the liner but additionally within the bulk area, which used to be excluded till lately from the scope of EC secondary pageant ideas. besides the fact that, festival distortions usually are not just a query of personal preparations. They emanate additionally from measures and practices incompatible with the liberty to supply companies, Member states' protectionism and overseas needed law. This quantity relatively and comprehensively examines these kinds of concerns, via bringing jointly contributions from distinctive teachers. specific concentration is given on deepest transport cartels, the liberalization of cabotage and port providers, oblique competition-distorting elements and the most recent advancements on overseas rules of carriage of products by means of sea.
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46 42 Para. 54 of the Guidelines. See para. 53 of the Guidelines. 44 Guidelines, para. 57. 45 See corresponding Guidelines and Notices cited in footnote 14 above. , op. , p. 86 et seq. 46 Para. 58 of the Guidelines. 47 Information exchange agreements will probably excessively restrict competition – and fail to meet this condition – if they reduce carriers’ uncertainty with respect to competitors’ pricing and capacity strategies. 49 In the case of liner shipping, however, greater importance should be attached to price competition than to other parameters such as the quality of the shipping service.
Gordon J. , Shipping Regulation and the Federal Maritime Commission, in 37 Univ. Chicago L. , 1969, part. I, p. ; 1970, part. II, 256. Grewlich K. , Die UN Konvention über einen Verhaltenskodex für Linienkonferenzen, in 35 ZaöRV, 1975, 742. , in 27 J. Mar. Pol. & Mgmt, 2000, 363. , Shipping Conferences, London 1983, 7. Jansson J. , Liner Shipping Economics, London-New York, 1987. ), 1983. Kuyper P. , 1981, 73. Larsen P. S. Alternatives, in 13 L. & P. , 1981, 223. , «to Have One’s Cake…» - The Federal Maritime Commission and the Conferences, in 1 J.
Speciﬁcally, the EESC “strongly believes that the present issue cannot be examined only through the competition law perspective. The political and maritime transport policy dimensions of repealing the liner conference system in the EU and thereby also of Regulation 954/79 cannot be underestimated. 8). 40 Denunciation is permitted by the UN Code of Conduct with a minimum of one year’s notice, and this term seems coherent with the timing provided for by the EC Regulations under discussion. 41 This, in turn, may have other negative eﬀects within the EU arena.