Download City Taxes, City Spending: Essays in Honor of Dick Netzer by Amy Ellen Schwartz PDF
By Amy Ellen Schwartz
An illustrious crew of economists give a contribution to this quantity honoring Dick Netzer, the general public finance economist famous for his examine on nation and native taxation, the availability of city public providers, and non-profit companies. Following in his culture, the members practice microeconomics to genuine international difficulties dealing with city components and use statistical research to achieve perception into useful strategies. the 1st 4 chapters of the e-book supply in-depth explorations of different equipment of financing city govt similar to: the relative advantages of source of revenue and estate taxation on the neighborhood point, the effect of revenues and source of revenue taxation on estate taxation, and the feasibility of adopting a land price tax. the following chapters concentrate on executive bills: the influence of sponsored housing funding on estate values, and the theoretical and old motives for public possession and direct provision of public companies. the ultimate chapters of the e-book flip their cognizance to the non-profit area, exploring subsidies to non-profit arts businesses and the function of the non-profit zone in supplying K-12 schooling, particularly addressing the consequences for segregation and fairness. entire and fascinating, execs and students within the fields of public finance, city economics and public management will locate this number of nice curiosity.
Read Online or Download City Taxes, City Spending: Essays in Honor of Dick Netzer (Studies in Fiscal Federalism and State-Local Finance Series) PDF
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Extra info for City Taxes, City Spending: Essays in Honor of Dick Netzer (Studies in Fiscal Federalism and State-Local Finance Series)
What is astonishing about these studies is how large in magnitude this indirect, and apparently second-order, eﬀect can be. Numerical analyses, making use of computable general equilibrium (CGE) models, ﬁnd that, in some circumstances, the second-best optimal tax on pollution is well below the level of marginal social damages. Moreover, if the revenues from the tax are not used to reduce the rates of other distorting taxes, the ﬁrst-best Pigouvian levy can, under certain circumstances, even reduce total welfare.
Housing consumption is highly correlated with income, so that a proportional tax on property values may not diﬀer greatly in its progression from a proportional income tax. Indeed, it has been argued that housing consumption provides a better measure of ‘permanent income’ than does current income. 42). Yet more basic, under the so-called ‘new view’ of the property tax (ﬁrst propounded by Peter Mieszkowski, 1972), the average rate of property taxation across all localities is seen as a general tax on capital.
4, property wealth per pupil is less relative to the state average than is income per pupil. The Camden District in New Jersey is a particularly striking case. Here we ﬁnd that income per pupil is less than one-quarter of income per pupil in New Jersey. But the situation is far worse under property taxation: Camden’s property tax base per pupil is only 11 per cent of the state average. 4 are not outliers. 11 Our ﬁndings thus indicate with little ambiguity that tax-base disparities across school districts would be signiﬁcantly less under local income taxation than under property taxation.