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Download Chemistry, Pharmacy and Revolution in France, 1777-1809 by Jonathan Simon PDF

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By Jonathan Simon

This ebook explores the historical past of pharmacy in France and its courting to the self-discipline of chemistry because it emerged at the start of the 19th century. It argues that an appreciation of the background of pharmacy is vital to a whole knowing of the structure of recent technology, particularly the self-discipline of chemistry. As such, it presents a singular interpretation of the chemical revolution (c.1770-1789) that may, without doubt, generate a lot debate at the position of the chemical arts during this tale, a question that has hitherto lacked adequate scholarly mirrored image. moreover, the e-book situates this research in the broader context of the French Revolution, arguing that an intimate and direct hyperlink should be drawn among the political upheavals and our imaginative and prescient of the chemical revolution. the tale of the chemical revolution has frequently been instructed through concentrating on the small crew of French chemists who championed Lavoisier's oxygen idea, in any other case his competitors. this sort of viewpoint emphasises competing theories and interpretations of severe experiments, yet neglects the tough factor of who should be understood as training chemistry within the eighteenth century. against this, this examine lines the culture of pharmacy as a certified pursuit that trusted chemical thoughts to organize medications, and indicates how one of many imperative parts of the chemical revolution used to be the kind of awake disassociation of the hot chemistry from this old chemical paintings.

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Extra info for Chemistry, Pharmacy and Revolution in France, 1777-1809

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In Napoleonic France, however, the divisive issue had become the scientific status of pharmacy, and views on the future orientation of the profession differed accordingly. Should pharmacy continue with its traditional approaches and preparations, or should it look to the new science of chemistry as underwriting the future credibility of the art? In order to frame this problematic, I use two sets of speeches that, when placed side by side, show the extent to which the context of pharmacy changed in the wake of the French and chemical revolutions.

Reflecting the continuity that the change in name sought to disguise, this new body of citizens took up residence in the former home of the Collège and assumed the same right to teach courses that it had exercised in its previous incarnation before the revolution. The society formed the École gratuite de pharmacie specifically to teach its courses, and this time the Paris Faculty of Medicine was not there to protest, having been dissolved along with the A cadémie des Sciences in 1793. 8 The School of Pharmacy was effectively a survivor from the pre-revolutionary ancien régime and joined the ranks of a significant number of reformed educational 7 For example, the printing of Philippe Guibert's Médecin charitable was intended to ruin the apothecaries' trade by giving the public instructions concerning how to prepare the most important medicines.

Fourcroy, Discours prononcé a la société libre des pharmaciens, Paris, 1797, p. ' The following series of quotations are all from the same source, and the page number follows the quotation in square brackets. From A rtisan to Scientist 41 behind when chemistry, the burgeoning offspring, quits its nest to take up residence in the home of its equally exalted cousin, 'experimental physics': ... Chemistry, taking its highest flight, and achieving a sort of divorce from its original mother, seems to abandon the laboratories of Pharmacy and [be] transported into the cabinets of experimental Physics ...

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