Chemical Engineering

Download Chemical Engineering Volume 3, Third Edition: Chemical and by D G Peacock, J.F. Richardson PDF

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By D G Peacock, J.F. Richardson

The book of the 3rd variation of 'Chemical Engineering quantity three' marks the final touch of the re-orientation of the elemental fabric inside the first 3 volumes of the sequence. quantity three is dedicated to response engineering (both chemical and biochemical), including size and technique keep an eye on. this article is designed for college students, graduate and postgraduate, of chemical engineering.

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Extra info for Chemical Engineering Volume 3, Third Edition: Chemical and Biochemical Reactors & Process Control

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13d the reaction volume is made up of a number of tubes. In c they are arranged in parallel, whereas in d they are in series. The parallel arrangement gives a lower velocity of the fluid in the tubes, which in turn results in a lower pressure drop, but also a lower heat transfer coefficient (which affects the temperature of the reactant mixture and must be taken into account in calculating the reactor volume). The parallel arrangement is very suitable if a second fluid outside the tubes is used for heat transfer; parallel tubes can be arranged between tube sheets in a compact bundle fitted into a shell, as in a shell and tube heat exchanger.

When heat transfer to the reactor is required, a configuration with a high surface to volume ratio is employed. In the reactors shown in Fig. 1 . 13d the reaction volume is made up of a number of tubes. In c they are arranged in parallel, whereas in d they are in series. The parallel arrangement gives a lower velocity of the fluid in the tubes, which in turn results in a lower pressure drop, but also a lower heat transfer coefficient (which affects the temperature of the reactant mixture and must be taken into account in calculating the reactor volume).

Other free radical reactions also take place to a lesser extent leading to the formation of CH, and some higher hydrocarbons among the products. 4. Reversible Reactions For reactions which do not proceed virtually to completion, it is necessary to include the kinetics of the reverse reaction, or the equilibrium constant, in the rate equation. The equilibrium state in a chemical reaction can be considered from two distinct points of view. The first is from the standpoint of classical thermodynamics, and leads to relationships between the equilibrium constant and thermodynamic quantities such as free energy and heat of reaction, from which we can very usefully calculate equilibrium conversion.

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