Download British Guided Missile Destroyers: County-class, Type 82, by Edward Hampshire, Paul Wright PDF

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By Edward Hampshire, Paul Wright

In the years after international conflict II, new guided missile expertise provided floor ships the opportunity to wreck airborne threats from afar, thereby protecting their function in naval struggle. This ebook examines the expertise and wrestle functionality of Britain's guided missile destroyers over part a century.

Uniquely between smooth destroyers, 3 of those sessions were verified in conflict opposed to the airplane and missiles of one other sleek navy--in the Falklands War--and have been additionally deployed throughout the Gulf struggle. Written by way of a professional on British naval know-how, this e-book examine the altering expertise of the Royal Navy's destroyers, together with an exam of the Royal Navy's most modern and such a lot able warship, the kind 45.

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Additional resources for British Guided Missile Destroyers: County-class, Type 82, Type 42 and Type 45

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The radomes were necessary to protect the radar from the weather and salt water. (Imperial War Museum, CT 2396) 44 Counties in the conflict had been in the heat of many of the battles, their size and gun armament making them useful vessels for shore bombardment and for leading particular missions, such as the recapture of South Georgia and leading the amphibious ships into San Carlos. The 1990–91 Gulf War On 2 August 1990 Iraqi forces invaded and occupied Kuwait. A United States-led coalition supported by United Nations Security Council resolutions assembled land, air and naval forces to liberate Kuwait.

0) 34 The 1981 Defence Review’s initial outcomes suggested that the air-defence destroyer would be phased out of the Royal Navy by the early 1990s, with the last Type 42s being removed from service more than ten years early and no replacements being built. As the review progressed however, this decision was reversed but no long-term replacement for the Type 42 was in development following the cancellation of the Type 44. The Falklands War transformed the future of air-defence destroyers by definitively demonstrating their utility, and the (partial) effectiveness of the Sea Dart system.

The propulsion of the class is also a revolutionary leap from previous destroyers. Two gas turbines and two diesels power, through electric transmission, both the ship’s systems and the ship’s propulsion. Previously, separate systems had powered and driven British warships. 5-inch Mk 8 Mod 1; Sylver (48 Aster 30/Aster 15; 2 30mm; 2 Phalanx CIWS; 1 Merlin or 2 Lynxes. Provision for Harpoon Torpedo tubes Sensors Radar: Types 1045 (Sampson), 1046 (S1850M), 1047, 1048 Sonar: Type 2091 Command system CMS-1 Machinery Integrated electric propulsion: 2 WR-21 gas turbines, 2 12V200 diesels 30 knots Range: 7,000 nautical miles at 18 knots Complement 235 Construction programme The initial requirement was for 12 Type 45s to replace the existing Type 42, but by 2004 this had reduced to eight and then to six in 2008 as the costs of the programme increased.

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