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Download Before Haiti: Race and Citizenship in French Saint-Domingue by J. Garrigus PDF

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By J. Garrigus

Winner of the Society for French historic reports 2007 Gilbert Chinard Prize! In 1804 French Saint-Domingue grew to become the self reliant kingdom of Haiti after the single winning slave rebellion in global historical past. whilst the Haitian Revolution broke out, the colony used to be domestic to the most important and wealthiest unfastened inhabitants of African descent within the New global. sooner than Haiti explains the origins of this unfastened coloured category, exposes the methods its contributors either supported and challenged slavery, and examines how they created their very own New global id within the years from 1760 to 1804.

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Before Haiti: Race and Citizenship in French Saint-Domingue (The Americas in the Early Modern Atlantic World)

Winner of the Society for French old stories 2007 Gilbert Chinard Prize! In 1804 French Saint-Domingue grew to become the self reliant kingdom of Haiti after the one profitable slave rebellion in international background. while the Haitian Revolution broke out, the colony was once domestic to the most important and wealthiest loose inhabitants of African descent within the New international.

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More than 500 Dominguan men of color joined a French expedition to fight in the American Revolution in Georgia. Others tracked rebel slaves in the colony’s mountains. Yet French colonists would not recognize any civic virtue in these sacrifices. Chapter 8 traces Revolutionary events on both sides of the Atlantic. Following the wealthy families described in chapters 3 and 6, it shows how men of color in both Paris and Saint-Domingue dismantled the sexual images that excluded them from public life.

Masters made conditional offers of liberty to motivate slaves to work harder. 75 Sexuality was another important aspect of manumission, especially in frontier areas where there were few European women. In SaintDomingue, like most other slave societies in the hemisphere, women and children comprised about two-thirds of all slaves freed by masters. Dominguan society, contemporaries noted, expected men to manumit and provide support for the sons and daughters they had with slave women. 76 However the detailed journal kept for 36 years by Thomas Thistlewood, an Englishman who managed a series of isolated estates in the mideighteenth-century Jamaica, provides a wider perspective on such relationships.

They paid relatively high prices for tobacco, sugar, and indigo, and sold slaves, tools, and provisions, often on generous credit. But in 1670 the French crown began to enforce its own mercantile policies rigorously in Saint-Domingue, doing its best to drive away Dutch and English smugglers. The change was a shock to Saint-Domingue’s buccaneers and farmers. 43 In 1722 and 1723, Saint-Domingue again revolted against 32 Before Haiti the royal administration for awarding a commercial monopoly to the royally chartered Company of the Occident.

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