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Download Battle of the Crater (Civil War Campaigns and Commanders) by Jeff Kinard PDF

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By Jeff Kinard

July 1864. Grant's siege of Petersburg is at a standstill. A Federal regiment made up as a rule of Pennsylvania coal miners, below the command of Lt. Colonel Henry Pleasants, secures the reluctant approval of Generals Meade and, eventually, provide to pursue an outrageous procedure: tunnel below the accomplice trenches, and blow up the accomplice troops. The 586-foot tunnel is done in a month. 4 a whole bunch powder explode in a devastating shock assault, killing hundreds and hundreds of accomplice squaddies. Fearing undesirable exposure, white infantrymen are substituted for the department of black troops in particular proficient for the attack. sick ready, and with out management, they cost via accomplice strains and swarm round and awfully, into the 170-foot crater, purely to be trapped and slaughtered in a livid counter charge.An soaking up tale of amazing bravery and incompetent management in accordance with first-person debts.

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Potter: born New York 1829; attended Union College at Schenectady, New York, but did not graduate; he studied law and was admitted to the bar, practicing in New York City until the outbreak of the Civil War; enlisting as a private in the New York militia, he was soon elevated to lieutenant; in October 1861 he was commissioned a major in the 51st New York Infantry and promoted to lieutenant colonel a month later; during General Ambrose Burnside's North Carolina Expedition Potter was conspicuously engaged at Roanoke Island and was wounded at New Bern in March 1862; he fought during the Second Bull Run Campaign and was promoted to colonel in September 1862; at Antietam, he managed to get his troops over Burnside's Bridge after others had repeatedly failed; after fighting at Fredericksburg in December 1862, he was transferred to the Western Theater with the Ninth Corps; promoted to brigadier general of volunteers in March 1863, he commanded a division in the Vicksburg Campaign and directed the Ninth Corps at Knoxville; the corps returned to the Eastern Theater in the spring of 1864, where Potter headed a division in the Overland Campaign; during the Siege of Petersburg in July 1864, the 48th Pennsylvania of Potter's Division constructed the mine that was exploded beneath the Confederate lines; in the ensuing assault on the Crater Potter was the only division commander in Burnside's Corps present with his troops on the field, earning the brevet to major general of volunteers; he was severely wounded in the final assault on Petersburg in April 1865; promoted to the full rank of major general of volunteers in September 1865, he was mustered out the following January; after the war he worked in the railroad business and spent four years in England before settling in Newport, Rhode Island.

Griffin 52 John A. Flemming 53 William Mahone 57 Bushrod R. Johnson 58 David A. Weisiger 59 Confederate dead in the trenches of Fort Mahone 69 Dead artilleryman 70 Cemetery at City Point 7273 View of the crater after the battle 7475 View of the crater after the war 7879 The brief biographies accompanying the photographs were written by Grady McWhiney and David Coffey. Page 13 1 The Key to Richmond By the summer of 1864, Richmond, Virginia, was a city under siege. As Union General Ulysses S. Grant's powerful Army of the Potomac tightened its grip on the Confederate capital, General Robert E.

As more Rebels filled the rifle pits and traverses around the Crater, they were able to bring the Federals under a withering crossfire from three directions. While the Rebel infantry kept Ledlie's men pinned down in and around the Crater, two batteries of twelve-pounder Napoleons Page 52 opened up with shrapnel and canister. " Within minutes the Rebel smoothbores had carpeted the ground between the opposing trenches with hundreds of dead and wounded Federals. Into this firestorm General Simon G.

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