Chemical Engineering

Download Annual Plant Reviews, Plant Polysaccharides: Biosynthesis by Peter Ulvskov PDF

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By Peter Ulvskov

Plant Polysaccharides, a great new quantity in Wiley-Blackwell’s winning Annual Plant stories sequence, covers the polysaccharides and proteins that shape the elemental structure of the plant phone wall, and the genes that encode the mobile equipment that synthesizes them.The quantity specializes in the evolution of the various households of genes whose items are required to make a specific type of polysaccharide, bringing realization to the explicit biochemical houses of the proteins to the extent of types of sugar linkages they make.Beautifully illustrated in complete color all through, this extraordinary new quantity offers innovative updated info on such very important themes as telephone wall biology, composition and biosynthesis, glycosyltransferases, hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins, enzymatic amendment of plant mobilephone wall polysaccharides, glycan engineering in transgenic crops, and polysaccharide nanobiotechnology.Drawing jointly the various world’s best specialists in those components, the editor, Peter Ulvskov, has supplied a landmark quantity that's crucial interpreting for plant and crop scientists, biochemists, molecular biologists and geneticists. All libraries in universities and examine establishmentswhere plant sciences, agriculture, organic, biochemical and molecular sciences are studied and taught must have copies of this significant quantity.

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Extra info for Annual Plant Reviews, Plant Polysaccharides: Biosynthesis and Bioengineering (Volume 41)

Example text

Some Man residues 2- or 3-O-acetylated Glc Lichenase, cellulase Only in Poales and Equisetum. Glc Laminarinase Mainly in wounded tissues, wallregenerating protoplasts, and phloem sieve-tubes ? 3 Rhamnogalacturonan-II domains RG-II is a small but exceedingly complex pectic domain. It has a backbone of at least eight α-GalA residues, to which are attached five different types of side chain: the first four are designated A–D, each with a precisely (not stochastically) defined primary structure (O’Neill et al.

Ara occurs in both forms. All the others could theoretically occur in either form, but in practice occur only in the -p form illustrated. Each sugar residue is attached, via its anomeric carbon, to an –OH group on the following sugar unit in the polysaccharide chain. , in the case of Glcp, on carbons 2, 3, 4 or 6: the linkage is designated (1→2), (1→3), (1→4) or (1→6), accordingly). However, a given sugar unit (either a residue or the reducing terminus) can and often does have more than one sugar residue attached to it.

Further details of secondary and tertiary structures of polysaccharides can be found in Chapter 14. A major theme in the present chapter is the application of simple analytical methods by which polysaccharides can be identified, characterized and quantified, and their metabolism monitored in vivo. Another theme is the taxonomic distribution of various wall polysaccharides. Works complementing this chapter include Brett & Waldron (1996), Fry (2000), Schols & Voragen (2002), Mort (2002), O’Neill & York (2003) and Obel et al.

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