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Download Annals of Theoretical Psychology (Volume 5) by Arthur W. Staats, Leendert P. Mos PDF

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By Arthur W. Staats, Leendert P. Mos

Facing the subject of Unification in Psychology.

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The Imagination

Irrespective of how lengthy i'll examine a picture, I shall by no means locate whatever in it yet what I positioned there. it's during this incontrovertible fact that we discover the excellence among a picture and a notion. ' - Jean-Paul Sartre"

L Imagination" was once released in 1936 while Jean-Paul Sartre was once thirty years outdated. lengthy out of print, this is often the 1st English translation in lots of years. "The Imagination" is Sartre s first complete philosophical paintings, providing a few of the easy arguments relating phenomenology, cognizance and intentionality that have been to later seem in his grasp works and be so influential during twentieth-century philosophy.

Sartre starts off via criticising philosophical theories of the mind's eye, relatively these of Descartes, Leibniz and Hume, prior to constructing his important thesis. mind's eye doesn't contain the notion of psychological pictures in any literal experience, Sartre argues, but unearths a few of the basic capacities of cognizance. He then experiences mental theories of the mind's eye, together with a desirable dialogue of the paintings of Henri Bergson. Sartre argues that the classical perception is essentially mistaken since it starts by means of conceiving of the mind's eye as being like conception after which seeks, in useless, to re-establish the variation among the 2. Sartre concludes with an immense bankruptcy on Husserl s thought of the mind's eye which, regardless of sharing the failings of previous techniques, indications a brand new phenomenological means ahead in figuring out the imagination.

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Translated through Kenneth Williford and David Rudrauf.

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Extra resources for Annals of Theoretical Psychology (Volume 5)

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Each scientist works in a small comer of the total field from a minutely conceived conceptual-observational position, trying to convince others that all the rest is wrong or inconsequential. The proponents of each position create their own idiosyncratic theory languages, organizations, and publication media. The result is a babel from which no general sense can be made. The necessary steps for the advancement of such a science are establishing connections among its diverse and competing parts, translating the idiosyncratic languages into common idioms, creating larger groups of cooperating scientists out of the competitive cliques, developing common ideas about general problems, formulating a conceptual methodology that rationalizes and relates the different methods employed in the different positions, creating an explicit philosophy in which the establishment of unified knowledge becomes a central goal, and finally creating through these various means a large body of fact, theory, and method that is unified and consensual for a large proportion of its members.

Positivism produced a guiding framework that resulted in abundant productivity. But it did not provide a means of handling that productivity in a way that would make articulated, generally meaningful sense. Nor did the framework provide a foundation of interest for the problems of unification. So the deluge of knowledge has continued without respite, in ever increasing volume, without any means of channeling the flood. 1 • Unified Positivism: Philosophy for the Revolution to Unity 31 That circumstance itself creates a tension which has been described in many ways-as aimlessness and lack of direction, excessive diversity, the failure of positivism, the triviality of experimentation, the need for theoretical meaning, the failure of grand theorizing, the need to divide psychology.

Specialization in a unified science comes about because more penetrating and more detailed study is thereby possible. In 1 • Unified Positivism: Philosophy for the Revolution to Unity 23 contrast, specialization in psychology results in good part from the need to reduce the disparate elements with which the individual scientist must be familiar. There are so many publications and sources of publication that today's psychologist must specialize narrowly because otherwise keeping up with the literature is patently impossible.

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