Download Algorithms and Techniques for VLSI Layout Synthesis by Dwight Hill, Don Shugard, John Fishburn, Kurt Keutzer PDF
By Dwight Hill, Don Shugard, John Fishburn, Kurt Keutzer
This publication describes a approach of VLSI format instruments referred to as IDA which stands for "Integrated layout Aides. " it's not a main-line creation CAD setting, yet nor is it a paper instrument. particularly, IDA is an experimental surroundings that serves to check out CAD principles within the crucible of actual chip layout. Many gains were attempted in IDA through the years, a few effectively, a few no longer. This ebook will emphasize the previous, and try to describe the positive aspects which were priceless and powerful in development actual chips. sooner than discussing the current kingdom of IDA, it can be worthwhile to appreciate how the undertaking bought begun. even supposing Bell Labs has often had a wide and potent attempt in VLSI and CAD, researchers on the Murray Hill facility desired to examine the method of VLSI layout independently, emphasizing the belief of small staff chip development. So, in 1979 they invited Carver Mead to offer his perspectives on MOS chip layout, entire with the now recognized "lambda" layout ideas and "tall, skinny designers. " To aid this path, Steve Johnson (better recognized for YACC and the transportable C compiler) and Sally Browning invented the constraint established "i" language and wrote a compiler for it. A small choice of structure instruments built swiftly round this compiler, together with layout rule checkers, editors and simulators.
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Extra resources for Algorithms and Techniques for VLSI Layout Synthesis
A disadvantage of this approach is that it introduces a negative edge in the graph for each equality constraint. As we saw in the previous section, these negative edges have a multiplicative effect on the running time of constraint resolution and for this reason we have handled negative edges differently. An approach followed by Steve Johnson in the "i" compiler and also by Lengauer [Leng84] is to treat the eqUalities and inequalities separately. The equality constraints partition the vertices into a set of equivalence classes.
If several wires appear under the cursor, the editor selects one arbitrarily, and reissuing the command rotates among them. The user can also identify regions delimited by the cursor and the mark. Objects can be put in the chosen group either inclusive or exclusive of wires passing through the boundaries. g. ). This relationship is shown in Figure 3-2. J Figure 3-2: Manipulation of the Chosen Group. Once the chosen group has been selected it is highlighted on the screen. The contents of the group of chosen features can then be adjusted by picking one or more items using a menu or by using the "filter" command.
The Cursor is drawn on the screen as a Cross, the mark as an X (mnemonic: "X marks the spot"). The cursor and mark can be moved using the mouse or the keyboard. For random moves across the screen, the mouse is more convenient. For controlled short moves (such as exactly 8 microns right) or for moves off the currently displayed screen (go to the transistor named "tp3") the keyboard is more convenient. Because the cursor and mark can be controlled by the keyboard, it is • This mark should not be confused with the concept of MARK in the IMAGES language.