Download Aircraft Carriers: An Illustrated History of Their Impact by Paul E. Fontenoy PDF
By Paul E. Fontenoy
Airplane companies: An Illustrated background in their impression КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: ABC-CLIOСерия: guns and WarfareАвтор(ы): Paul FontenoyЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2006Количество страниц: 420ISBN: 1-85109-578-0Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 9.25 mb swift Ifolder zero
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Transverse wires were added to the original arresting gear in 1926 and completely replaced the original system late in the following year. Although the work of Captain Joseph M. Reeves (promoted to rear-admiral in 1927) as Commander Aircraft Squadrons, Battle Fleet transformed the Langley from an experimental vessel into a fully operational aircraft carrier, al- THE AIRCRAFT CARRIER MATURES though its limited speed severely restricted its utility, especially after more capable ships entered service.
This shorter travel distance translated into simpler lifting machinery (a single hydraulic ram rather than cables and balance weights) and a fast 20-second cycle of operation. The final design also incorporated transverse-wire arresting gear, a crash barrier, and two catapults from the outset, although the principle of a deck park was not accepted. The antiaircraft armament also was changed late in the design process, when the guns were raised to gallery deck level, thus increasing sky arcs. 27 28 AIRCRAFT CARRIERS The Ark Royal’s loss to torpedo damage at the end of 1941 was in part a result of the impact of policies and limitations on its design.
The design of these huge converted ships incorporated much of the British practice derived from the Royal Navy’s experience late in the war and immediately thereafter. The hangar was a fully enclosed integral part of the hull structure, the flight deck was the hull’s strength deck, its arresting gear took the form of longitudinal wires intended to engage hooks on the axles of landing aircraft to prevent their deviation from the deck’s axis, and the ships carried powerful antisurface guns in addition to a strong antiaircraft battery.