Civil War

Download A Scientific Way of War: Antebellum Military Science, West by Ian Clarence Hope PDF

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By Ian Clarence Hope

While religion within the Enlightenment used to be waning in different places via 1850, on the usa army Academy at West aspect and within the minds of academy graduates serving during the kingdom Enlightenment pondering persevered, announcing that conflict used to be governable by way of a grand idea obtainable during the research of army technology. officials of the normal military and teachers on the army academy and their political superiors all believed strongly within the probability of buying an ideal wisdom of conflict during the right curriculum.
A clinical means of War analyzes how the doctrine of army technology advanced from instructing particular Napoleonic functions to embracing matters that were useful for struggle in North the US. Drawing from a big selection of fabrics, Ian C. desire refutes prior fees of a scarcity of professionalization within the antebellum American military and an overreliance at the teachings of Swiss army theorist Antoine de Jomini. in its place, wish indicates that inculcation in West Point’s American army curriculum finally got here to supply the military with an officer corps that shared a standard doctrine and customary ability in army challenge fixing. The proliferation of army technological know-how ensured that at the eve of the Civil battle there existed a fantastically American, and medical, means of war.

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Extra resources for A Scientific Way of War: Antebellum Military Science, West Point, and the Origins of American Military Thought

Example text

Military science also emerged in army ordnance and logistics. The Continental Army acquired depots at West Point, New York, and at Carlisle, Pennsylvania. The Continental Congress also authorized the establishment of a Quartermaster Department, a Commissariat, a Clothing Department, an Ordnance Department, and a Hospital Department. However, there existed no militia staff system to coordinate logistics, ordnance, and other duties, and knowledge was confined to those few militia officers who had read books or had experience in service with British regulars.

3 In the Christian idea of their day, appropriations of new farming and grazing land and subjugation of the Indians, even by the use of armed force, were natural and correct and did not warrant the name war. ” 4 Without sovereignty of their own, “war” was not the English colonists’ to make. Forced subjugation of the Indian 18 early national military science was viewed as a constabulary measure to suppress rebellion and not a martial endeavor. Besides, the Indian possessed no artillery, and elementary military knowledge sufficed to deal with this threat.

9 Americans were also reluctant to accept military education because of its association with the maintenance of standing armies, defined as units of soldiers permanently established and maintained as part of society. 10 None of the early colonies maintained permanent bodies of troops. The wooden defenses of the first settlements were instead manned by a “watch” consisting of a number of male citizens who stood guard at village entrances and atop the fortified blockhouse that became a feature in most new plantations.

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