Allied Health Professions

Download A Prosodic Model of Sign Language Phonology by Diane Brentari PDF

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By Diane Brentari

This publication is meant partly to supply linguists and cognitive scientists who have no idea signal language with some degree of access into the examine of signal language phonology. while, it offers a accomplished conception of American signal Language (ASL) phonology, whereas reviewing and construction on substitute theories. One declare of this theoretical framework is that, due to signal language's visual/gestural phonetic foundation, the consonant-like devices and vowel-like devices are expressed concurrently with each other, instead of sequentially as in spoken languages. A moment declare is that routine function because the most simple prosodic devices of the language. the writer is anxious to teach either the similarities and alterations among signed and spoken languages, and to point a few instructions for destiny paintings in cognitive technology that may be derived from her phonological version.

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Distinguishing between verbs and adjectives is also difficult in ASL, since almost all adjectives < previous page page_18 If you like this book, buy it! next page > < previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 may appear as syntactic predicates with no change in phonological structure. 14. There are monosyllabic forms and disyllabic compounds, using the syllable-counting criteria listed in (1). Examples of ASL compounds (V=verb; N=noun; A=adjective) (examples from Svaib 1992) Stem order Examples VN SLEEP DRESS 'nightgown' Grammatical category after compounding noun THINK SELF 'decide for oneself' sentence NV WATER RISE 'flood' noun GIRL MARRY 'wife' noun VV THINK FREEZE 'faint' predicate VA NAME SHINE 9 'good reputation' noun AV NUDE ZOOM 'streak' noun AA GOOD ENOUGH 'barely adequate' AN BLUE SPOT 'bruise' noun/adjective predicate YELLOW HAIR 'blond' noun/adjective NA FACE STRONG 'resemblance' noun NN GIRL WEDDING 'bride' noun Several segmental analyses of compounding have been proposed (Liddell and Johnson 1986; Sandler 1987b, 1989, 1993c); in chapter 5 I will add a paradigmatic componentone that I have previously sketched in Brentari 1990d, 1993to the traditional analysis of compounding.

Although all three movements are physiologically possible, for any given lexeme at least one and more often two of them remain constant, and if two movements involving orientation change within a sign, they change in sequence rather than in parallel. 25 illustrates the use of each type of orientation change in the signs REBEL, INSULT, and YES. < previous page page_43 If you like this book, buy it! 25 Possible types of movements involving changes in orientation. In REBEL (top left), the movement involves pronation of the forearm, an orientation change from [supination] to [pronation]; in INSULT (top right), the movement involves radial flexion (or [abduction]); in YES (bottom), the movement involves [flexion] of the wrist.

2l (continued) < previous page page_37 If you like this book, buy it! 22 Movement types and possible joints of execution: abduction or adduction (from Luttgens and Hamilton 1997, 116, 158; by permission) < previous page page_38 If you like this book, buy it! 22 (continued) (17) Model of feature organization proposed in van der Hulst 1996 ) (HS, O. FALSE < previous page page_39 If you like this book, buy it! 23 Movement types and possible joints of execution: rotating movement (from Luttgens and Hamilton 1997, 116, 142; by permission) (18) Schematic model of feature organization proposed in Ahn 1990 (HS, O, L||Manner) < previous page page_40 If you like this book, buy it!

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